Making a compost heap is not difficult. If you are a beginner when it comes to composting or you merely want to improve your existing heap, here are some tips to help you.
You can build or purchase compost bins. If you chose to buy a bin, there are numerous types you can find online.
An ideal spot for your bin is on a level area with proper drainage to easily get rid of excess water. It also aids the worms in getting in and going on with the breakdown process.
Nature has given us an ideal waste disposal unit in the worm. They can live their entire lives in the dark and they love the wet atmosphere of a compost heap consuming the waste material inside and converting it into compost and liquid feed.
There are many ingredients you can use to compost but for the perfect compost, you need to use the right stuff. Some ideal ones include fruit waste, vegetable peelings, grass cuttings and tea bags. They break down fast and offer useful nitrogen and moisture. You can learn more about what things you should or should not add to your bin at Open Permaculture School and Regenerative Leadership Institute.
The key to the perfect compost is in getting the mix of the ingredients right. Balance your greens and browns. When your compost is wet you can add some more browns and if it is too dry increase the amount of greens. You should also ensure that the air is enough.
It is essential for you to turn your compost regularly. However it can be a tricky task when you do not have the appropriate tools. Turning the compost aids in aeration and mixes up the waste and cuttings leading to faster composting.
You can also encourage the right enzymes in your compost with a compost activator. It can breathe life into compost heaps that are dead or partly composted.
Fallen leaves are also a great source of compost. You can gather them up and leave them to biodegrade. They will then leave you with a rich pile of perfect compost.
When your compost is ready you should have a dark brown, blackish layer at the base of your bin.